oceanofinfo Ekim 2, 2020
breast implants types

The US Food and Drug Administration (FDA); warns that the rough-surfaced silicones used in breast implants, breast augmentation, and breast cancer treatments can cause anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), a type of lymphoma.

The American Food and Drug Administration (FDA) warned that the rough-surfaced silicones used in breast augmentation and breast cancer treatments may cause anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL); a type of lymphoma. While it has been noted by the FDA that 573 of the patients; who have been implanted with rough silicone have been diagnosed with cancer; it was noted that 481 of the silicones in these patients are the same brand. While the FDA called on the manufacturer to withdraw its products; it also emphasized that silicones do not need to be removed unless there are any symptoms.

The FDA issued a warning on its website on July 24, and made an important warning regarding the rough surface silicones of a company operating in 100 countries. The warning that the rough surface silicones of this company can cause anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), a type of lymphoma, also included worldwide death figures. Be careful for breast implants.


Mentioning that medical materials known as implants or prostheses are a foreign substance that enters the body from outside, Prof. Dr. Yenerel said, “Whatever happens, it stimulates the immunological system in the body, that is, the immune system. The body accepts it as foreign and tries to limit its surroundings, even to eliminate it. All kinds of implants are made of special materials to minimize this. However, especially what we call T Lymphocyte, The cells of our immune system also limit the breast prostheses, and if there is a genetic basis most of the time, these cells can become malignant (carcinogenic) and cause lymphoma, “he said.


Prof. Dr. Mr. Ozmen summarized why implants with rough surfaces are preferred more in aesthetic surgery with the following sentences: “In flat implants with a smooth surface, a fibrous structure that we call capsule is formed. This hard sheath occurs more in flat implants than in rough implants. This requires revision surgeries in the future. Therefore, we still prefer rough implants. Almost one third of flat surface implants undergo revision surgery due to capsule formation. The product in question is the technology we call BioCell, a new technology. Subsequently, it started to be used a little more actively after the 1990s and 2000s. This is a prosthesis with increased roughness. It does not exist before. It is not a preferred brand in our country. Other brands are used more frequently.


Stating that people who wear breast implants should always examine themselves, experts emphasized that when there is asymmetric growth, more pain and swelling in one breast, they should inform their doctors immediately. Hematology Specialist Prof. Dr. Yenerel said, “In an implant-related T-cell anaplastic large cell lymphoma case, if there is no mass around, it is sufficient to remove the implant. If there is a mass and additional metastases next to the fluid, it is not enough to remove the implant. It is necessary to use chemotherapy regimens.”

Aesthetic Surgery Specialist Prof. Dr. Mr. Ozmen, on the other hand, emphasized that there is no need to remove the implants that were placed in the past and ended his words as follows: “Should we remove the other things? The FDA does not make such a recommendation. Because the risk of cancer is very low. Sudden asymmetry, fluid accumulation in the breast after 4 years, which is the case in 70% of cases, are alarming situations. You had breast surgery, implant was placed, there is still swelling 3 weeks, 1 month later, this should not scare you. Generally, this lymphoma appears after 4 years on average. If it is coming, then you have to be cautious.

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