If you like green décor and plants in your home, we have a great DIY project idea for you. Terrarium, which are tiny ecosystems that are extremely easy to maintain, have become decoration products that we are used to seeing in everyone’s homes. You can read our article to get information about terrariums that you can create with design and botanical details in your own style and to start your natural project.
What is Terrarium?
Small ecosystems that are mostly placed in a closed or open bowl are called terrariums. You can combine different plants in terrariums and examine their development in a completely transparent environment. Since the water used to feed the plants stays in the closed bowl, they can enter their own condensation process, and they can survive without watering for a long time.
What Do You Need?
You will need botanical materials and tools for the terrarium that you can design yourself. You will need materials different from the classic flower pot, as it will create an ecosystem within itself and live in its own cleanliness and water cycle. You can determine your own needs by looking at our list below.
- Glass Lantern: For a transparent view, you can use any design you want.
- Small stones: You will need stones that will form the foundation in your terrarium to drain the water.
- Activated charcoal: You can pour it in a thin layer so that the water does not collect bacteria.
- Pot soil: You can buy a soil that suits your plant preference.
- Plants: You can choose between plants that are compatible with each other.
- Small garden tools: Getting the tools you need in your DIY project is one of the most important things.
Most Popular Plants
Terrarium, which creates a tiny greenhouse effect, may not provide the right environment for every plant to thrive. Accordingly, you can choose to use plants that will not be disturbed by humid environments with less irrigation need.
Plants that love moist environments, such as forest ivy and ferns, are suitable for growing in a closed terrarium. They are also used in interior decors. Plants such as Salaginella moss, Norwegian moss can also survive in closed terrariums as they do not need water and can survive with moisture.
In open terrariums, cacti and succulents that can live in the same type of soil can be preferred together. Here you can diversify your own environment design, taking into account ivy succulents such as the Pearl Grain plant.
How Should You Prepare the Inside of the Lantern?
You should spread the small stones on the bottom of the bowl where you will place the terrarium. You can pour the water in the bowl right over it and pour the activated charcoal as a thin layer to prevent bacteria from accumulating.
After preparing the foundation, you should pour the potting soil of suitable richness for your plants into the terrarium with garden tools. At this point, remembering that the plants should also stay in the bowl, you can pour it in a small layer instead of filling the soil up to the top like in a pot.
Arrange Your Plants
First of all, if you locate the plants with large bodies, you will have a more accurate design. After separating the large plant, you need to drill a hole in there and place the plant with its roots in it. Then again, you can place the smaller stem plants in the smaller holes and cover them.
You Can Have Fun With Accessories
You can also add your own little accessories in the terrarium that contains different plants. For this, you can personalize by choosing tiny stones, aquarium decorations, natural stones, seashells and tiny figures. At this point, you should be careful not to squeeze the plants and get to know the space they need to grow.
How to Care for Terrarium?
Plants suitable for lanterns need much less care than pot plants. That’s why it’s hard to have a hard time.
If you have a closed terrarium filled with moisture-loving plants such as forest ivy and ferns, you may need to shorten it at certain times so that these grasses don’t cover everywhere. At the same time, you shouldn’t forget to air it once a week. It will be sufficient to water such terrariums once a month.
Make sure that plants in open lanterns do not pick up flies or insects. You can get the necessary herbal medicines to prevent this. Although open terrariums are not as much as pots, they need watering. You can check the soil dryness to determine a cycle to this.
Regardless of whether the terrarium is open or closed, its most important need is sunlight. Therefore, if you position it in a way that can receive direct or indirect light, you will create a healthy environment for your plants.