On what grounds might the anti-vaccine movement, which some people support, be defended even in modern times, when science and reason are more influential than ever before?
The underlying ideas of anti-vaccination and their refutation may not double the horizon, but it can make us a more conscious and healthy society.
Nowadays, the whole world is waiting for the vaccine to be developed against coronavirus; Those who have a few words about anti-vaccination and still have question marks in their minds: “I would not have this corona vaccine even if it comes out. It is not clear what is inside. I would like to talk about both the drug production process and the place of the vaccine in this chain in order to cure them.
First of all, studies are carried out for 10-15 years after the active ingredient is found. So as soon as the active ingredient is found, there is no such thing as let’s go to the market.
So what are these studies?
To summarize briefly:
Phase 0: preclinical studies. The effectiveness of the active ingredient is measured. animal studies are done.
Phase 1: Bioavailability, toxicological and pharmacological effects of the active substance are tested.
Phase 2: Reliability and impact studies are conducted on humans.
Phase 3: Dose and safety studies are conducted on larger patient populations. The therapeutic dose of the drug is determined.
Phase 4: After the drug is put on the market, unexpected effects are followed. (see: thalidomide disaster)
These studies, which I briefly mentioned, take 10-15 years. “But why should we trust these studies? What you know they do not play with the results!” For those of you who say, let’s add that there are independent associations in Europe and America that are created to protect the impartiality of these studies and fund these studies.
After talking about the length and intensity of the general drug production process, I want to come to vaccines, which is our main topic. First of all, let’s talk about why people avoid vaccination.
We can say that there are 3 reasons behind anti vaccine opposition
1) The absence of any threat: It is a situation especially seen in developed countries. For example, in these societies, the perception “There is no child with measles for years. Why should we vaccinate?” With the arrival of non-immune refugees to their countries, there is an increase in measles cases in these developed countries.
2) Some beliefs: false claims such as “natural immunity is better”.
3) Insecurity: “Vaccines cause autism.” things like hearsay. The main driving force behind this idea lies in an article published in 1998 by a doctor named Andrew Wakefield. This doctor states that 12 children had inflammatory bowel disease and regressive autism after being given Measles, Rubella and Mumps Vaccine vaccines. However, when a journalist examines the situation, he sees that the doctor published a publication about enterohepatic autism 4 years ago from 1998 and said that it could be solved with a single vaccine and got a patent. It also reveals that all of those 12 children in 1998 were poor families and families were given money. As a result, the article in 1998 was canceled in 2009 and the doctor’s license was revoked in 2010.
While all this is happening, a great deal of work is being done in Denmark in 1999. 650 thousand children are observed within the scope of this study. The results of the study were published in 2010 and reported that around 6500 children had autism and this is a normal value and not related to vaccination. It is officially accepted that there is no link between vaccination and autism in 2019.
There are even those who claim that pharmaceutical companies are producing viruses to make money. We can easily refute this claim by showing the vaccine’s place in the industry. That is, in 2018, the total turnover obtained from pharmaceuticals all over the world is 1 trillion 204 billion dollars. The amount earned from the vaccine is 60 billion dollars. that is, the vaccine has a yield of only 4.83% across all drug groups. This is because vaccines are often cheaply sold to governments. hence the vaccine is not already a popular option for drug manufacturers.