Although bats are present all around the Golden State
, many Californians do not frequently encounter them. Every evening, bats consume a large number of predatory insects as they fly through our towns, neighborhoods, and farmland.
The California leaf-nosed bat
is brown icolorur, weighs between 12 and 20 grams, and measures more than 6 centimeters in length just othe n body. Up to 16 different species
of insectivorous bats can be found in the Bay Area. The Mexican free-tailed bat (Tadarida brasiliensis
), the big brown bat (Eptesicus fuscus), and other mouse-eared bats are a few of the relatively frequent bat species you will encounter in the Bay Area (in the genus Myotis
The California Leaf-nosed Bat (Macrotus californicus
) has a wingspan of more than 30 cm and a body length of 6 cm. A nose leaf, a fleshy protrusion of skin over the nose, is present on these brown bats. They can navigate quite well in flight and have big ears.
They have the ability to fly slowly and efficiently. Since their wings aren’t designed for flying over great distances, they don’t migrate. They hold their rear legs behind them while flying. They are widespread in Southern California’s Sonoran Desert scrubs and Mojave Desert environments.
The moderate Mexican Long-tongued Bat (Choeronycteris mexicana
) is grey to brown in appearance, with a lighter shoulder. Their wings have lighter-colored tips and range in colour from dark brown to grey.
With a short tail and ears that match the body colour. They have a leaf-shaped nose and a lengthy snout. Their extendable, long, and narrow tongues enable nectar feeding. They are tuned to longer wavelengths and rely on sound waves.
They are widespread in Southern California
and frequently found at elevations of 300 to 2400
meters. During the winter, northern inhabitants relocate to southern areas.
The Lesser Long-nosed Bat (Leptonycteris curasoae yerbabuenae
) is a little bat with an 8 cm
wingspan and a maximum weight of 25 g
. They have a small nose leaf and a long, thin snout. There isn’t a tail to be seen. Long ridges and rough papillae on their tongues allow them to lap nectar.
They have a long range of flight in open environments. They have small ears and rusty brown fur on their abdomen in addition to being grey or yellow/brown in hue. Around 1800 feet
above sea level, they are located amid forests, scrub, and grasslands. Additionally, they can withstand temperatures as high as 106oF
They move to California over the summer and head south in September. Some people can travel 1,600 kilometers annually.
The Little Brown Bat (Myotis lucifugus) is a small glossy-coated bat with mouse-like ears. Every year, the ladies give birth to one child.
These nocturnal mammals spend the day resting in trees and buildings while hunting for insects at night. To find prey, they depend on echolocation. They fall victim to raccoons and owls. Humans frequently come into contact with them because they nest in structures, some of which are in colonies, and are regarded as pests. They very infrequently diagnose rabies-positive.
They can reach a body length of 3.7 inches (9.5 cm) and a weight of 12.5 grams. Men are generally smaller than women. They can be any shade between dark brown and light tan, with the belly being paler than the back.
The Arizona Myotis (Myotis occultus
) is a little bat with a wingspan of 9.6 cm
and a total length of up to 4 cm
, including the tail. They have silky, cinnamon-colored fur that is brown in colour. The hue of the face is paler.
They are frequently located at altitudes between sea level and 9.200 feet
above sea level.
Myotis yumanensis, a tiny bat, has a wingspan of about 24 cm
and a body length of 4.8 cm
. The Yuma Myotis has a drab, short coat with an almost white belly, ranging in hue between dark brown to grey and tan. They have huge paws, a small nose, and a somewhat long ear.
They are typically found adjacent to water, including ponds and lakes, in lowland environments ranging from scrub to woods. In attics, buildings, under bridges, mines, and tunnels, they nest in their thousands.
The Cave Myotis (Myotis velifer) is bigger than the other Myotis family bats. They have short brown ears, a naked area on their back sides, and short ears. With a 44mm
forearm, the male is smaller than the female.
They frequently inhabit buildings, mines, and caverns. They can gather in large numbers on cave ceilings during the winter hibernation season.
Myotis evotis, also known as the long-eared myotis bat, has black wing membranes and ears. Also black is the face. The ones located along the coast are often darker in hue.
They can be found in a variety of habitats, including as prairies, woods, and shrublands, and prefer elevations from sea level and 9,280 feet
. They frequently make their homes in caves, abandoned structures, rock crevices, and tree hollows. They pick vertically oriented crevices with an overhang at the opening.
The membrane between hind legs is covered in small hairs on the Fringed Myotis (Myotis thysanodes). They have a body length of about 8.5 cm
and a maximum lifespan of eighteen years.
Their projecting, 1.65 cm
wide ears are located in front of the snout. Their skins are light brown to olive on their rear ends, and on their belly, they are off-white.
In California, they can be found as low as 150 meters
and are primarily found in woodland areas. Since rain interferes with echolocation, thermoregulation, and flying, they are rarely spotted when it rains and are usually active within five hours after sundown.
During October and March, they emigrate. They have superb mobility and modest flight speeds, but when hunting, they frequently stay near a canopy of foliage.
The second-largest Myotis species, the Long-legged Myotis (Myotis Volans
), has a wing span of 12 inches and is linked to the tiny brown bat.
They have rounded ears and range in colour from reddish-brown to light brown and chocolate brown. From their bodies to their knees, their wings are covered in fur.
They can be found in a range of environments, such as conifer forests, woodlands, and meadows. Although they also eat other insects, they primarily eat moths. Although they have been observed to graze well into the night, typically feed soon before dusk.
Small and dull-furred, the California Myotis (Myotis californicus
) can reach a length of 9.4 cm and weigh up to 5.4 grams.
They have intermediate, pointy ears that are thin. The body is heavier than the face.
They spend the day in structures, rock crevices, and the hollows of trees, particularly pines. Since they prefer wooded regions, they are uncommon in cities.
They hunt immediately after twilight and just before morning, feeding on moths, flies, and other flying creatures. They fly slowly yet are very maneuverable.
The mall bat known as the Western Small-footed Bat (Myotis ciliolabrum
) has a body size of 10 cm
and a wingspan of up to 24 cm
. They have a paler belly and range in hue from yellow to brown. With long ears and little feet, they have black chins and mouthparts.
In semiarid environments, such as deserts and pine or juniper woods at higher altitudes of up to 10,830 feet, they are prevalent.
The medium-sized Silver-haired Bat (Lasionycteris noctivagans) possesses black interfemoral membranes, wings, and ears with white patches that give them a frosted look. They can reach a length of 10 cm
and have a flattened skull.
They frequently perch in tree hollows and bark crevices at low elevations during migration, fitting in with their surroundings. Over the winter, some do relocate into buildings.
of these bats are killed by wind farms. Due to their poor rates of reproduction, they are susceptible to population problems. Due to the strain that they carry, these bats are to blame for the majority of rabies-related deaths in humans.
The Canyon Bat (Pipistrellus Hesperus
) is a little bat with an original size of only 8mm
and a wingspan of just 2.15cm
. Females might be light yellow, white, or dark brown in color, and they are slightly larger than the males.
On their backs, they are darker, while on their bellies, they are lighter. Their cheeks, flight membranes, ears, and feet are nearly all black. They may fly as slowly as five miles per hour because to their small, wide wings.
They frequently stay below 5,000 feet and are widespread in lowlands and deserts. Although they have been observed moving into structures, beneath rocks, and in mines, they typically spend the day roosting in rock crevices. Due of their small size, they are susceptible to dehydration.
They are typically the first and final bats you encounter during evening and early morning. They are only active just after dusk and just before dawn; the remainder of the night is quiet.
Vesper bats, or Big Brown Bats (Eptesicus fuscus
), was originally identified in 1796. They are substantial bats with a 35 cm
wing span. Adults can reach a body length of 13 cm
and have lustrous, red to brown fur with a lighter brown belly.
They have rounded ears and hairless, black wing membranes and snouts. Their incisors are massive and conspicuous, and their snouts are flattened and rounded.
The Desert Red Bat, also known as the Western Red Bat (Lasiurus blossevillii
), moves north during the summer and south during the winter. Due to their hue, they can blend in with the fallen woodland leaves where they hibernate.
Western Yellow Bats (Lasiurus xanthines)
are tiny, brightly colored bats that can weigh as little as 16 grams
They are widespread in the United States and frequent in Baja, California, thus there is no need for concern because they have a massive number and are not likely to undergo a sharp fall in numbers.
The Hoary Bat (Lasiurus cinereus
) can reach a length of 14.5 cm and a wingspan of 40 cm. They are substantial bats with a sense dark brown coat and white hair tips. Under their wings is the only area of their bodies that lacks fur.
Hoary bat deaths from wind turbines exceeded 1,000 in 2005
, with the majority occurring during migration. It is thought that these bats are drawn to the height of the tower and rely on it for relaxation.
The Spotted Bat (Euderma maculatum
), which has a wingspan of 35 cm
and a body length of 12 cm
, was first reported in 1892. On their backs, they feature three black markings with white spots.
They have one young in June or July, and they hunt for grasshoppers and moths to eat. These bats prefer quiet areas like woodlands, hayfields, deserts, shrub grasslands, and marshes as roosting locations.
The standard size Townsend’s Big-eared Bat (Corynorhinus townsendii
) has long ears and little bumps on the sides of its snout. Their wingspan is approximately 28 cm, and they reach a body length of about ten cm.
The female stores the sperm until fertilization in the spring during their late fall breeding season. Females only produce one child at a time.
Pallid bats (Antrozous pallidus
) can reach a maximum body length of 7.9 cm and a maximum wing span of 40 cm. They are huge bats with ears that point forward as well as brown hair on their backs and roots. The hue of the stomach is paler. Their snout is blunt.
The Mexican Free-tailed Bat (Tadarida brasiliensis
) has a tail that can reach a length of 9 cm, with females being somewhat larger than males. The broad, rounded ears on the tail, which are almost half their length, aid in echolocation.
The fold that resembles a shallow pocket at the knee is where the name Pocketed Free-tailed Bat (Nyctinomops femorosaccus
) comes from. Along with their broad, big skulls and grooved lips, their ears unite in the middle.
The Big Free-tailed Bat (Nyctinomops macrotis
) has a wingspan of up to 43 cm
and can weigh up to 20 grams
. Their lustrous coat ranges in hue from reddish-brown to black to dark brown.
The Western Mastiff Bat (Eumops perotis
) can reach a maximum body length of 19 cm
and a maximum wingspan of 56 cm
. They can weigh up to 70 grams
and have fur that is a dark brown color.
⭐Worldwide, there are more than 1,400 different species of bats.
⭐Not every bat hibernates.
⭐Bananas, avocados, and mangoes are gone without bats.
⭐Bats pose the greatest threat to nighttime insects.
⭐It is only possible for bats as a mammal to fly.