According to interior designer Tatyana Pivkina, the main requirements for the floor in an apartment are durability, reliability, soundproofing and aesthetics.
“The floor covers can be found in 3 forms like cold, medium or warm. Warm ones are parquet, engineered board, cork, carpet. Medium ones are linoleum, laminate, quartz vinyl coating (based on polyvinyl chloride). Cold ones are porcelain stoneware and ceramic tiles” , the designer explained.
Therefore, the expert suggests combining different types of materials in the premises. If parquet and laminate are suitable for living rooms, then more wear-resistant and moisture-resistant coatings, such as porcelain stoneware, are used for the kitchen or hallway.
“Quartzvinyl tile is a modern, environmentally friendly coating. Unlike PVC materials, quartz sand is added to it for strength, and it does not contain phenolic resins and melanin that are harmful to human health,” the designer explained.
This coating is suitable for rooms in which the temperature does not fall below minus 30 degrees and does not rise above 60 degrees. Material imitating wood and stone is in fashion.
Take care of Length:
Linoleum has been considered the most popular flooring in an apartment for many years. According to the designer, it is inexpensive, durable, does not need complex installation and fits any interior in every home . The only negative is that it is a synthetic material.
“The linoleum can be in the form of any concrete, or plywood. It can be laid everywhere, with the exception of the bathroom and the bathroom. If moisture gets under the linoleum, it will remain there and create favorable conditions for the development of mold,” warned Pivkina.
Wood-like laminated coatings are also popular, which seriously compete with natural wood. In addition, the laminate is not afraid of temperature changes, but requires special attention.
The expert notes that it is better not to spill anything on the laminate – excess moisture is dangerous for it. The material is recommended to be used with caution.
“The laminate coating includes formaldehyde. To assess the degree of danger of the material, emission classes, or toxicity, for formaldehyde have been introduced in the world,” the specialist explained.
Class E1 material corresponds to the natural background of formaldehyde evaporation, but there are restrictions for its use. It is better not to use such a coating in bedrooms and children’s rooms in combination with underfloor heating. However, there are types of E0 class laminate that do not emit this connection, even if the apartment is equipped with underfloor heating. Therefore, the designer advises when buying material to carefully read the information on the package.
More elegant than fashionable parquet:
In the living room and bedroom, the expert advises using any durable surface that is pleasant to walk barefoot on. For this, a wooden floor is well suited, and if funds allow, it is better to choose parquet.
“No doubt, neat and clean environment is also good for health as well. Parquet has good heat and sound insulation. The top layer of the parquet plank is made of elite and durable woods – ash, oak, beech,” Pivkina said.
The competition for expensive solid wood materials is more budgetary parquet and engineered board.
The specialist recommends laying both types of coating on a perfectly flat floor and taking care of the soundproofing substrate. The materials are also suitable for underfloor heating systems. At the same time, safety and environmental friendliness of the material should come to the fore in the children’s room.
“The best option is an engineering or parquet board and parquet. You can use a laminate with a suitable emission class in terms of safety,” the specialist added.
It is important that such a coating isolates sound well, hides noise from children’s fuss on the floor and the trampling of feet. But the cork belongs to the elite materials and is quite expensive.
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